THE GLOBE 2016 ISSN 2226-163X VOLUME 76 THE GLOBE is published annually by the International College of Dentists Inc. for members only. Originally began publishing in 1959 under the title ICD Newsletter changed to THE GLOBE in 1984. Correspondence relating to THE GLOBE should be addressed to The Editor at the College Office See masthead. POSTMASTER AND MEMBERS SEND ALL ADDRESS CHANGES to Chelsea White Council Office Manager at the College Office or via e-mail to chelseawhite icd.org. EDITOR-IN-CHIEF S. Dov Sydney College Office Flint Michigan USA editorsydneyicd.org ASSOCIATE EDITORS Richard Galeone Lansdale Pennsylvania USA J. Brian Clark Tillsonburg Ontario Canada Federico Perez-Diez Guanajuato Mexico Danilo Ocaranza Santiago Chile Walter van Driel Vorrshoten Netherlands Mahesh Verma New Delhi India Setsuya Suzuki Tokyo Japan Petrina Bowden Windsor Australia Elizabeth Carrasco Pasig City Philippines Cedric Haddad Beirut Lebanon Min Jeong Lee Seoul South Korea Hsin-Cheng Liu Taipei City Taiwan Hu Tao Chengdu China Kyaw Sein Yangon Myanmar John V. Hinterman Flint Michigan USA EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Chelsea White ART DIRECTOR Esther Kreisman PAST EDITORS OF THE GLOBE 1959 1976 Harold S. Eberhardt 1977 2002 William E. Hawkins 2003 2005 Richard A. Smith 2006 2011 John V. Hinterman JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF DENTISTS THE INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF DENTISTS College Office and World Headquarters G3535 Beecher Rd. Suite G Flint Michigan 48532 USA Phone 810-820-3087 Fax 810-265-7047 Email officeicd.org Website www.icd.org OFFICERS Phillip Dowell President Rajesh Chandna President Elect Clive B. Ross Vice President Richard M. Smith Treasurer S. Dov Sydney Editor Joseph R. Kenneally Immediate Past President John V. Hinterman Secretary General MOTTO Recognizing Service and the Opportunity to Serve MISSION STATEMENT The International College of Dentists is the worlds oldest and largest honor society for dentists dedicated to the recognition of outstanding professional achievement meritorious service and the continued progress of dentistry for the benefit of all humankind. CORE VALUES Leadership Uphold the highest standard of professional competence and personal ethics. Recognition Recognize distinguished service to the profession and the public worldwide. Humanitarianism Foster measures for the prevention and treatment of oral disease by encouraging and supporting humanitarian projects. Education Contribute to the advancement of the profession of dentistry by fostering the growth and diffusion of dental knowledge worldwide. Professional Relations Provide a universal forum for the cultivation of cordial relations within the profession and to assist in preserving the highest perception of the profession.